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ARRL Volunteer Examiner 

SJC1 - 147.210 + 114.8 Stockton (Stockton Pri)
SJC2 - 146.655 - 100.0 Tracy (County Pri)
SJC3 - 145.210 - 100.0 Tracy (County B/up)
SJC4 - 147.090 + 114.8 Lodi (North Pri)
SJC5 - 146.985 - 100.0 Manteca
SJC6 - 147.165 + 107.2 SDARC
SJC7 - 147.015 + 114.8 Copperopolis
SJC8 - 147.105 + 94.8 Stockton
SJC9 - 146.895 - 114.8 Mt. Oso - Disabled
SJC10 - 444.400 + 114.8 Copperopolis
SJC11 - 444.325 + 94.8 Stockton (Stockton Pri)
SJC12 - 443.825 + 107.2 Mt. Oso
SJC13 - 444.575 + 107.2 Stockton
SJC14 - 444.850 + 114.8 127.3 Tracy 
SJC15 - 444.500 + 114.8 Stockton
LLNL - 146.775 - 100.0 Livermore

TAC1 - 146.550

TAC3 - 146.535
TAC4 - 146.430
TAC6 - 156.565
TAC7 - 146.595
TAC8 - 146.445
All simplex
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N5FDL/CEVOL Repeaters

Stockton: 147.210 + N5FDL and 444.500 + K6TRK Both PL 114.8 (linked)

Copperopolis/Gopher Ridge: 147.015 + and 444.400 +  (not linked) N6GKJ 

Mt. Oso: 146.895 - N5FDL and 443.825 + PL 107.2 (not linked)

Tracy: 444.850 + KB6EMK PL 127.3

Affiliated Repeaters

Bear Mtn.: 146.090 + and 444.250 + WB6ASU Both PL 114.8 (linked)

Mt. Delux: 145.210 - PL 100.0 WA6SEK (10mi S of Tracy)

All repeaters are open to all users.

Entries in hamcram (8)


Recommended Radio: Baofeng UV-82C (for commercial)

New hams often ask which radio to purchase. By which they usually mean which inexpensive, Chinese-made “commie-talkie” should the purchase. There are dozens available under almost as many brand names. I encourage everyone to only purchase radios that their friends have been using for a while, as the “newest models” sometimes really aren’t and may be throwbacks with a new and deceptive model number. Online resellers are not always good at clearing out old inventory.

Which radio do I recommend?

To make life simple, there is only one model that I recommend. And the reason is simple: The Baofeng UV-82C is type-accepted by the FCC on commercial (non-ham) frequencies. ONLY the “C” model — for commercial — has Part 90 acceptance making them legal on commercial frequencies.

This means the radio will narrowband audio and operate on narrow channels. That makes it legal to use, with proper authorization, on local public safety channels. Provided they are not P25 or some other digital mode.

They are legal to use on business band frequencies, as well as the unlicensed MURS channels. I am actually uncertain about MURS type-acceptance but will investigate. I don’t think they are legal on GMRS or FRS, but I don’t think that stops many from operating illegally.

In fact, read this thread and you may wonder if any of the Chinese radios are really Part 90 legal.

Many of these radios are being purchased and used by public safety volunteers (including myself) for their do-gooder activities. I try to operate legally.

Note that if you order from the links below, that we get a tiny portion of your purchase price as a commission, used to operate this site and the repeaters. 


2016 San Joaquin HamCram Dates

In 2016, there will be a HamCram every month (except June) in San Joaquin County. 

Tracy: Jan 16, March 19, May 14, July 16, Sept 17 and Nov 19
Sponsored by California Emergency Volunteers. Registration at
Stockton: Feb 6, April 9, Aug 8, Oct 8 and Dec 10
Sponsored by Stockton Delta Amateur Radio Club. Registration at
Stockton also offers “Elmer University” Amateur Radio training on the same days as its HamCrams.



Disappointing Old Men Hurt Our Hobby

Something happened at Saturday’s HamCram that is still bugging me.

A recent HamCram Technician was there to upgrade to General. Brought his young son to try for his Technician. Both passed — along with all 13 other attendees.

After the testing was complete, the father told me he had attended a meeting of the ham club in the small community where he lives. When the good ‘ol boys found out he was a HamCram grad, he got a cold shoulder.

“I’m sure not going to expose my son to people like that,” he told me.

I am tempted to send a Certificate of Disachievement to the club. A way of saying “thanks” for chasing off new hams.

It is sad that there exists a sizable minority of hams that are stuck in whatever decade they first got their licenses. Change is bad and to be avoided at all cost.

Now, I really could care less how people feel about HamCrams. They work and produce good hams.

I’d hope that people who don’t like HamCrams would offer to train these people rather than shunning them.

Sadly, sometimes it’s too much to hope.


You Didn't Pass Your HamCram Exam, Now What?

First and foremost: There is nothing to be ashamed of. Disappointed, sure, but ashamed? Heck no!

The FCC examination given at the end of a HamCram is not an IQ test and failing does not diminish your worth as a person. Or even or the chances you will get a ham radio license. It is not, for certain, the end of the world.

On average, about 10 percent of attendees fail their HamCram exams. The reasons are many:

1. There are people for whom the “HamCram method” simply doesn’t work. Often, this is because of a diagnosed or undiagnosed learning disability such as Attention-Deficit Disorder (that’s me!), Dyslexia or something else. Having these is not a guarantee of failure, indeed many have passed with these conditions, but some won’t.

2. You did not get enough rest the night before the HamCram.

3. You cannot accept the HamCram method. It can be very hard for “good students” to turn off their thinking caps can just let the questions and answers wash over them. If you actually think about the questions and answers, most people are well down the road to failure. Except, of course, for those who pass regardless. This may be why teens sometimes have problems with HamCrams.

4. Something else that I’ve missed.

Anyway, for whatever reason, you did not leave HamCram with the white paper that says your license will be on the way. Now what?

1. You can attend the next HamCram and hope to do better. This often works.

2. You can do a HamCram on your own at home and we will test you that day at some convenient location.

3. You can take practice examinations online, over and over, until you start passing. When you start routinely passing, we will test you.

Practice tests are available, for free, at a number of web sites including AA9PW’s site and Our favorite site for people who want to study on their own and especially for those wanting to upgrade to Extra Class is HamTestOnline. It costs $24.95 but comes with a money-back guarantee. Highly recommended.

4. You can read a ham radio study guide or textbook and then take practice tests. When you are routinely passing the practice tests, we will test you for real.

To inquire about our “testing on-demand” program, please contact me via email.

No one who has ever failed at a HamCram that sincerely wanted a license has failed to eventually succeed. Usually pretty quickly. So, stop feeling sad and start studying.


Why We Need HamCrams

After my most recent piece in the ARRL ARES e-Letter mentioned HamCrams as one of 10 “sure-fire” ways to grow a local ARES group, I received an e-mail that included a link to this admitted “rant” against HamCrams. It is fairly typical of those who don’t like them, mostly because they don’t understand and, for the most part, don’t seem to want to.

I sent several emails in response to his post, but have yet to receive an e-mail back. So, I will insert my responses into K5WLF’s original text below and share them with you.

A Rant About “HamCram” Sessions…

I received a forwarded email this evening. The original was from the Emergency Coordinator (EC) of a county in California. The subject matter was about how to grow your local ARES membership. Generally, it was a collection of good ideas. However, I took exception to one of the points the author made. Below is the paragraph (in bold type) of the forwarded post to which I took exception and following is my response to it.

Just for the record — my response is my opinion and there’s not a damn thing you can say to change my mind, so any dissenting responses are simply wasted. If you disagree, don’t even bother responding. No offense, it’s just that you don’t stand a chance of changing my mind.

This paragraph explains his objection as much as anything that follows — it’s not how he got into Amateur Radio and he is uncomfortable with the changes that have taken place in Amateur Radio.

For the record, I don’t especially like HamCrams, but I believe they are one of our best tools for keeping Amateur Radio relevant in the 21st century. It is the only way I see to provide the numbers of operators we need. In my county, the total number of active non-HamCram hams is not nearly enough to staff even a small emergency that runs more than a few hours.

The electronics hobby that led so many into ham radio as late as the 1970’s is gone. The Internet is, if anything, a replacement for Amateur Radio in the lives of young people and the technologically-literate.

Today’s typical ham is in his mid 60’s and isn’t as active as he used to be, especially when it comes to responding to emergencies or participating in strenuous training. Many are not as willing or able to help new hams as they were in years past, and some, obviously, want to return to those thrilling days of yesteryear.

That isn’t going to happen.

Amateur Radio has changed, the demographic we used to draw from has mostly dried up. We need to new way to get new hams licensed and trained and interested in upgrading. If there is a better way to do this than our one-day HamCram events, please notify me immediately.


*HamCrams* – Creating new, emergency-minded hams may be the best way to
grow your group and goes hand-in-hand with the next item. One-day
licensing classes don’t teach someone how to be a ham, but the license
makes someone trainable and worth investing in.

=== === ===

Those are some interesting ideas, and many of them are workable and, in fact, laudable. However, I take extreme exception to the author’s recommendation of “HamCrams”.

In my opinion, HamCrams or “Teaching for the Test” are one of the most damaging incursions into the heart of amateur radio in many years. Many of us grumble about the license tests being “dumbed down”; yet some of our ham community persist in recommending that we swell our numbers by creating “one day wonders”, and then foolishly expect them to contribute positively when confronted with an emergency.

For many years, the ARRL License Manual amounted to little more than “teaching the test.” You can make the point that today’s license manuals do little more than explain the test. The question pools for Technician and General are actually engineered in ways that make HamCrams, in one form or another, inevitable. You can also take endless practice exams online and then go test when you’re ready.

An open question pool is good for growing Amateur Radio, but by its very nature requires less study and understanding that a closed pool would. I support the open pools and the current numbers of questions that comprise them.

Further, it’s not just the tests that have been “dumbed-down,” its the radios and technology themselves that have become easy-to-use communications appliances. If that’s the case, why shouldn’t the test reflect the reality of the technology hams are using today?sz

Today, the issue is not radio knowledge that keeps hams from contributing positively during an emergency, it’s the complex nature of the emergencies themselves. As ham radio has been dumbed-down, emergencies have become more complex. Mastering the Incident Command System is far more complex than learning to operate VHF/UHF ham gear properly.

Training someone to successfully use Amateur Radio in an emergency is one of the easier tasks compared to the other things they need to learn if they are to do more than simple message-passing. Last Saturday, we did an all-day workshop focused entirely on how to find lost children and at-risk adults. And that is just one of the things an emergency communicator/volunteer needs to be able to do in the 21st century.

Radio operation and regulation are among the easier things our volunteers are asked to learn.

I had the privilege and pleasure a couple years ago, of being one of the instructors of a 6-day (six Sunday afternoons) Technician licensing class. Of the eleven students who took the class, ten of them passed the Tech test on the first try and are now active hams. The eleventh student was a ten year old boy whose dad forced him to take the class. He didn’t want to be there and I felt sorry for him having to attend.

Several of the students from that class have tested for and passed their General class exams and one will be testing for Amateur Extra next month. I consider this to be the kind of results we should be seeking in our licensing classes.

Great, 10 new hams every couple of years. Maybe 30 percent of whom later upgrade. In the past six months, my VE team has licensed more than 70 new hams, with about 10 percent already upgraded. The team, meanwhile, are mostly HamCram hams who have gone on to earn their Extras.

The real issue, of course, is what level of training is necessary for someone to be useful operating a radio during an emergency and how many such people do we need? I’d say, not great and a great many.

A HamCram, followed by specific radio training and emergency operations training, fulfills the need and requires more total hours than the six Sunday afternoons described above. As an emergency manager, I don’t need people to know as much about operating a radio appliance as about how to communicate during an emergency and make a constructive contribution to its resolution. Knowing how to construct a dipole doesn’t help in this regard. 

In the class I helped to teach, we took special care to ensure that our students learned how to be competent amateur radio operators before they learned how to pass the test. In other words. they passed the test from their broad knowledge of the total subject matter, not because of being force-fed with the answers to the questions on the test.

I participated recently in the grading process of a “HamCram” session. I did not know when I agreed to participate in the event that it was a “HamCram” session. Had I known, I would have declined. The majority of the tests that I graded which passed had barely passing scores. This does not bode well for the future of these licensees, or of their participation in the amateur radio community.

I met one of the licensees from that session the other day when he attended a TAARC meeting. To his credit, he admitted that he’d learned essentially nothing at his licensing session and expressed his desire to learn “how to be a ham”.

A HamCram does not teach someone “how to be a ham” and mere book-learning doesn’t do that, either. If you want to be a CERT member who can use ham radio, however, you don’t really need to know “how to be a ham” just how to legally and effectively use Amateur Radio during an emergency. Some of these people, as in this example, will want to become “real” hams and we should help them accomplish that.

Unfortunately, this type of person is in the minority. The majority of those who are licensed as a result of “HamCram” sessions will never even touch a radio until there is a real emergency. Then they will jump on the air — doing all the wrong things for all the right reasons.

In spite of their good intentions, they will be entirely worthless to the emergency effort and will actually be a hindrance because of their complete lack of experience.

As I will say in the May, 2011 issue of QST, the best-trained and best-qualified volunteer emergency responders and communicators in my county are CERT members that we HamCram-ed and followed up with specific radio training. These people have already proven their commitment and value in an emergency and giving them Amateur Radio as a tool and hobby helps fulfill our commitment to the American people per section 97.1 of the FCC’s rules.

Amateur Radio emergency communications is no longer just about passing messages.

There is no substitute for on-the-air experience and we do no favors to either the new licensee or to the amateur radio community by providing these much vaunted “HamCram” sessions to make new hams.

You’re right, so we do drills and get the HamCram hams on-the-air as much as we can. Is this perfect? No. But, we do pretty well.

Those of us in the amateur radio community who have made the commitment to emergency communications have spent many hours in bicycle races, emergency drills, simulated emergency tests and other forms of practice for the events we hope will never come. But those events do come — witness Cross Plains 2005 — and remember the ham response at that time. It was immediate and it was effective.

I was one of the hams who responded to that event and I say from experience that the main reason our ham response was so effective is that our responders had practiced. We had a team of experienced communicators at all the stations on the circuit twenty-four hours a day. Without that experience, there would have been total chaos instead of the precision communications that we provided.

What, HamCram people can’t train just like “real” hams? There is nothing wrong with any means we use to license new hams — what matters is what happens after they get a license. That is when the real learning begins.

I am going to let the rant unwind now as the ranter presumes that only people who are taught in the manner he was taught and/or supports can possibly contribute to Amateur Radio. In the process, he is — with the best of intentions — doing more to bring down Amateur Radio than the people he accuses of cheapening our public service work.

I totally support all legitimate efforts to garner new licensees, but I do not — can not — condone the utilization of “HamCram” sessions to make new hams. Unless our new licensees are trained to be competent amateur radio operators as a part of their license training, they will not get on the air voluntarily for either recreational or training purposes.

Only when there is a declared emergency will they key up, and then, because of their total lack of experience, they will be a detriment, rather than a benefit, to the emergency effort. And it will not be their fault.

It will be the fault of those who have conducted the “HamCram” sessions, administered the tests, and created this new class of amateur radio licensees — the class of those with a license and no practical on-air experience. These well-meaning and sincere folks will not understand when their efforts to communicate are either rejected or ignored because they do not know how to conform to the accepted communications format — and they disrupt the ongoing emergency comms. And their so-called instructor will be to blame.

We must remember that to “remain calm under fire” takes practice. That practice is gained by participation in the weekly nets of our local ham clubs, by working bicycle races, being a part of SETs and participating in every drill that’s offered. Without having the initial confidence to get on the air imparted to them in the license class, most new licensees will not even get on the air until there is a declared emergency. Without having had the practical experience beforehand, they will not be able to make a positive contribution to the effort.

We agree, so we provide lots of training. I have nine events on the calendar from March to May, plus weekly nets and monthly meetings.

I urge you — I beg you — my fellow VEs, do not succumb to the pressure to hold a “HamCram” session. Instead, provide a series of classes for potential Technician class licensees that will prepare them to be competent amateur radio operators. Ensure that part of the class includes on-air experience and know that when they pass the test they know more than they need to know to be Technician class licensees. For that is the only way that they will desire to progress in their ham radio career.

It is only by imbuing our students with the knowledge and history of our avocation and also with the excitement that accompanies it, that we can hope to retain them as amateur radio operators. We are members of the greatest hobby in the world — let us make sure that we pass the excitement and the commitment to community service on to all those whom we teach and test.


?K5WLF clearly loves Amateur Radio. He’s entitled to his opinion, however uninformed it may be. But, lots of people share it and I agree with many of the issues he raises. He just assumes there is no way to address them, which is obviously wrong.

Bottom line: There aren’t enough hams to go around and HamCrams give us a tool that allows us create effective emergency responder/hams as easily and quickly as possible.